The housing market in the Bay Area experienced a notable decline in April 2023 compared to the previous month and the same period last year. Existing, single-family home sales have decreased, and the median sold prices have also shown significant changes. In this report, we will delve into the details of the market trends and explore the specific sales and price data for different counties in the San Francisco Bay Area.
Bay Area Housing Market Update
Sales Decline and Price Changes
Existing, single-family home sales in California totaled 267,880 in April on a seasonally adjusted annualized rate, reflecting a 4.7 percent decrease from March and a substantial 36.1 percent decrease from April 2022. The sales declines were observed across all regions, with the Central Coast experiencing the most significant drop at -42.8 percent, according to the California Association of Realtors.
The Far North region closely followed with a decline of 41.8 percent, primarily driven by more than 40 percent decreases in four of the six counties in the region. The San Francisco Bay Area (-38.5 percent), Southern California (-37.4 percent), and the Central Valley (-36.7 percent) also witnessed sales declining at a faster pace compared to the previous month.
Median Sold Price in the San Francisco Bay Area
The median sold price of existing single-family homes in the San Francisco Bay Area was $1,250,000 in April 2023, showing a slight increase from the previous month's price of $1,228,000. However, it marked a significant 16.7 percent decrease compared to April 2022. This indicates a challenging market for sellers, as prices have experienced a decline on a year-over-year basis.
County-specific Sales and Price Trends
When looking at specific counties within the San Francisco Bay Area, it's evident that each county has its own unique sales and price trends. While some counties experienced modest price changes and fluctuations in sales, others saw more significant shifts. For instance, Marin County witnessed a substantial increase in median sold price and sales, while Napa County faced notable declines in both categories.
Let's take a closer look at the sales and price trends in various counties within the San Francisco Bay Area:
Alameda County: In April 2023, the median sold price in Alameda County was $1,230,000, showing a slight month-to-month increase of 0.4% compared to March 2023. However, it experienced a significant year-over-year decrease of 18.0% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county also declined, with a month-to-month change of 2.6% and a substantial year-over-year decline of 37.3%.
Contra Costa County: The median sold price in Contra Costa County was $900,000 in April 2023. It saw a positive month-to-month change of 5.6% from March 2023 but a year-over-year decrease of 14.3% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county also declined, with a month-to-month change of 6.0% and a year-over-year decrease of 35.0%.
Marin County: In Marin County, the median sold price was $1,790,000 in April 2023. It experienced a significant month-to-month increase of 11.9% compared to March 2023 but a year-over-year decline of 15.8% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county showed a notable month-to-month increase of 40.0%, but still saw a year-over-year decrease of 30.3%.
Napa County: The median sold price in Napa County was $815,000 in April 2023. It witnessed a month-to-month decrease of 8.4% from March 2023 and a year-over-year decline of 16.4% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county also declined, with a month-to-month change of -15.3% and a substantial year-over-year decrease of 51.2%.
San Francisco County: In San Francisco County, the median sold price was $1,587,500 in April 2023. It experienced a month-to-month decrease of -6.6% compared to March 2023 and a significant year-over-year decline of 22.8% compared to April 2022. However, sales in the county showed a positive month-to-month change of 13.9%, although they still saw a year-over-year decrease of 32.3%.
San Mateo County: The median sold price in San Mateo County was $1,970,000 in April 2023. It witnessed a month-to-month increase of 5.9% compared to March 2023 but a year-over-year decline of 18.0% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county declined with a month-to-month change of -11.8% and a substantial year-over-year decrease of 49.0%.
Santa Clara County: In Santa Clara County, the median sold price was $1,800,000 in April 2023. It experienced a month-to-month increase of 5.9% compared to March 2023 but a year-over-year decline of 8.6% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county also declined, with a month-to-month change of -10.9% and a year-over-year decrease of 44.8%.
Solano County: The median sold price in Solano County stood at $580,000 in April 2023. It had a slight month-to-month decrease of -0.9% compared to March 2023 and a year-over-year decline of -9.4% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county, however, showed a modest month-to-month increase of 3.5%, although they still experienced a notable year-over-year decrease of 26.7%.
Sonoma County: In Sonoma County, the median sold price was $840,000 in April 2023. It witnessed a small month-to-month increase of 1.3% compared to March 2023, but a slight year-over-year decline of -3.4% compared to April 2022. Sales in the county remained relatively stable, with a month-to-month change of -0.8%, while experiencing a significant year-over-year decrease of 39.8%.
These figures provide an overview of the real estate market in each county for April 2023. It is important to note that these statistics reflect the median sold prices and sales changes during this specific period and should be considered in conjunction with other factors when assessing the local housing market conditions.
Bay Area Housing Market Forecast 2023-2024
Bay Area consistently ranks among the world's most expensive real estate markets, and it is one of the most densely populated cities in the U.S. The Bay Area housing market consists of all nine counties (Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, and Sonoma) and 101 municipalities. The region is home to three major cities: San Francisco, Oakland, and, the largest, San Jose. Here are Bay real estate market predictions for 2023.
San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward Metro (Bay Area) Forecast up to April 2024
The Bay Area's real estate market is one of the most expensive and densely populated in the US, comprising nine counties and three major cities: San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose. The San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward housing market has experienced a decline in average home values over the past year, with the current average home value standing at $1,116,046.
This reflects an 8.9% decrease compared to the previous year. However, there is a slightly positive market forecast with a projected 0.3% increase over the next year.
The median sale to list ratio in the market, as of March 31, 2023, is 0.999, indicating that homes are generally being sold close to their listed price. The market also shows a significant percentage of sales over the list price, accounting for 44.0% of transactions, while 44.5% of sales occur under the list price.
In terms of speed, homes in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward area are going pending relatively quickly, with a median of 13 days on the market before becoming pending as of April 30, 2023. This suggests a competitive market where properties are being snatched up swiftly.
These statistics provide insights into the current state and forecast of the Bay Area housing market. However, it's important to note that real estate conditions can be influenced by various factors and may vary across different neighborhoods or cities within the region.
SF Bay Area Real Estate Investment Overview
Should you consider San Francisco real estate investment? Many real estate investors have asked themselves if buying a property in San Francisco is a good investment as the median price for a two-bedroom sits at $1.35 million. The high cost of real estate in San Francisco is impossible for most families to manage. Exodus is yet another problem and a new report confirms that the numbers are staggering. Online real estate company Zillow released new statistics shining a stark light on the issue this week.
Their “2020 Urban-Suburban Market Report” reveals that inventory has risen a whopping 96% year on year, as empty homes in the city flood the market like nowhere else in the country. Although this article alone is not a comprehensive source to make a final investment decision for San Francisco, we have collected some evidence-based positive things for those who are keen to invest in the San Francisco real estate market. If you can afford it, then it’s an investment that will continue to increase in value over time.
Due to low-interest rates in 2021, there was an influx of high-end luxury buyers, with certain instances where homes have been sold for $1 million over asking. Let’s talk a bit about San Francisco and the surrounding bay area before we discuss what lies ahead for investors and homebuyers. San Francisco is home to nearly 900,000 people. It is the hub of the San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland area; this larger metro area is home to nearly nine million people.
The city alternately makes the news for people paying incredibly high rents to live in boxes, the homeless problem, and the tech industry. This makes many think about why or how anyone could live there. Others would think why you’d want to buy a property now in such an overvalued real estate market. Yet we can give you ten positive signs about the San Francisco housing market. Keep on reading to find out more.
Why is housing so expensive in San Francisco? The sky-high housing prices in San Francisco are not a new phenomenon. California, as a state, is facing a consistent housing shortage, and San Francisco is no exception. The limited availability of land and strict zoning regulations, combined with community resistance to new construction, resulted in a shortage of new housing units being built. Despite a strong economy and increasing job opportunities, San Francisco's housing prices have risen much faster than residents' incomes.
The minimum annual income required for owning a home in San Francisco was a staggering $197,970 in 2019, which is an increase of 119.1% from 2012 when affordability was at its peak. With the trend of rising housing costs and limited options for first-time buyers, the rate of homeownership in San Francisco is not expected to rebound anytime soon. It is estimated that by 2025, over 60% of the population will be renters.
However, the good news is that Zillow predicts that home prices in San Francisco may drop by 6.5% in the next year. This could relieve new homebuyers and investors, as many have struggled to afford the median-priced home in San Francisco. It is worth considering the long-term potential of investing in San Francisco real estate, despite the current high housing costs. With the right strategy, investing in San Francisco properties can prove to be a profitable decision in the long run.
Bay Area's Strong Economy Propels Real Estate
Why doesn’t everyone just move out of the San Francisco housing market? Some do move, but they have a one-and-a-half to two-hour commute each way to work because they still want to work there. They just can’t afford to live there. Moreover, the high-tech job market draws so many people to San Francisco and leaves many others struggling to pay the bills. San Francisco is turning into a major international city. It is a white-collar city, with fully 90.74% of the workforce employed in white-collar jobs, well above the national average.
In a report published by Google in June 2019, it announced one billion dollars of investment in housing across the Bay Area. A 10-year plan to add thousands of homes to the Bay Area. The company would be making this major investment in what it believes is the most important social issue in the bay area real estate market.
This proposition by Google will add thousands of new homes to the Bay Area real estate market over the next ten years. About $750 million would be used for repurposing Google's own commercial real estate for residential purposes. This will allow for 15,000 new homes at all income levels in the Bay area. Another $250 million investment fund would be utilized to provide incentives to enable developers to build at least 5,000 affordable housing units across the Bay area housing market.
As a move to support affordable housing initiatives, these investments will help Google plans to give $50 million in grants through Google.org to nonprofits focused on the issues of homelessness and displacement of citizens. The company also plans to fund community spaces that provide free access to co-working areas for nonprofits, improve transit options for the community, and support programs for career development, education, and local businesses.
As it is the epicenter of the technology industry, there are a lot of people with an immense amount of wealth. Wealth isn’t just limited to the uber-wealthy founders of major tech companies or successful VCs but also the general workforce, whose salaries and incomes are among the highest in the world. Overall, San Francisco is a city of professionals, managers, and sales and office workers. Also of interest is that San Francisco has more people living here who work in computers and math than 95% of the places in the US.
The predicted 2020 job market slowdown won’t result in layoffs, just a drop in job growth to 1.5 to 2 percent a year. Note that the area already has an unemployment rate of 1.2 percent below the national average. The unemployment rate in the San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco MD was 1.8 percent in December 2019, down from a revised 1.9 percent in November 2019, and below the year-ago estimate of 2.1 percent.
This compares with an unadjusted unemployment rate of 3.7 percent for California and 3.4 percent for the nation during the same period. An upcoming recession is likely to have a limited effect on the SF Bay Area’s housing market. It will only temper housing price appreciation but not reduce it. These solid economic fundamentals are integral to maintaining high rental property demand and ensuring a good return on investment.
San Francisco Rental Market
You may read about the growth of Portland and other Pacific Northwest cities as talent and businesses flee the expensive San Francisco real estate market. That’s hardly impacted the San Francisco housing market, though. However, San Francisco has several advantages over its Oregon rivals, and that’s the fact that you aren’t in Oregon. Oregon passed a state-wide rent control law in 2019. This is in addition to many city regulations regarding affordable housing. In Oregon, your ability to raise rents is limited by the state.
Making matters worse, there are many more renters than property owners, so they’ll tighten the allowable rental increases and continue to hamper owners until they’re losing money. And then there is California. You can find a variety of rent control laws in the San Francisco housing market because every city takes its approach to the problem. This means that you can find suburban San Francisco rental properties where you could raise rental rates to match the market. Furthermore, rent control laws typically don’t apply to newer single-family homes.
California, on the whole, is unfriendly to landlords. It is challenging to evict people. It can take a long time to evict someone who occasionally pays the rent. Taxes are high. What does this do to the San Francisco housing market? It leaves the possibility that you could snap up San Francisco rental properties at a relative bargain price by people who want to quit, whether they want to sell the properties or leave the state. For example, the laws governing the San Francisco real estate market allow you to buy San Francisco rental properties and evict the tenants to turn the units into condos for sale.
SF Rental Statistics
San Francisco holds the position of the priciest rental market. It is still #1 among the top 5 rental markets in the nation. The average rental income for traditional San Francisco investment properties is well above the national average. Like most of the Bay Area, the percentage of people renting in San Francisco is more than the owners. San Francisco has around 56 percent of its residents living in rental homes.
If condo prices are going to drop or remain flat in 2023, people will see a good investment opportunity. They’ll be able to get in at a good price and there will be an increase in demand. If you’re in the market for a condo in San Francisco, that means you could get a great deal. According to several rent reports (discussed above), rental price declines have hit the bottom and are almost flat as compared to the previous month.
San Francisco's Geography & Zoning Restrictions Limits inventory
San Francisco real estate market is perpetually constrained in terms of inventory. Several factors contribute to this, but principally the strict zoning laws prevent new development and high-rise construction throughout the city. The strict zoning laws, coupled with the fact that the SF is only seven by seven miles, make it a very constrained market and keep supply perpetually low. San Francisco sits on a peninsula, surrounded on three sides by water.
They cannot build to meet housing demand. The surrounding cities are densely built up, as well. The only way the San Francisco real estate market could meet demand is by ripping out large swaths of two and three-story buildings to build condo towers, but that’s almost impossible given local regulations. The ability to build up is limited in the surrounding suburbs because of the mountains.
The San Francisco real estate market is, for better or for worse, beholden to several competing interest groups. For those with money that own their homes and have the most influence, “not in my backyard” or NIMBY means that voters fight any proposal to replace a 2 or 3-story warehouse with a 20-story apartment or condo building. They want to protect the look and feel of the community, and through high-rise construction could start to relieve the overcrowding in the San Francisco real estate market.
The horrific stories of developers going through four years of red tape to build multi-family San Francisco rental properties deter others from even trying. Ironically, this creates significant returns for those who buy up San Francisco rental properties and can convert them to multi-family housing.
San Francisco's Environmental Movement
The environmentalist movement and California are intertwined in the public’s mind and for good reason. This is the best demonstration of its impact in Marin County. An estimated 85 percent of the county is off-limits to development. This doesn’t mean there are no homes here. It means that there are large estates that cannot be turned into tract homes. Neighbors fight any such project. This is why George Lucas had to threaten to build hundreds of homes on Skywalker Ranch when they wouldn’t let him expand his studios there. This also explains why the San Francisco real estate market cannot solve its affordable housing crisis by building in relatively open lands in Marin County.
Warehouses and factories have been converted to lofts in large, established cities around the world. They offer open spaces, high ceilings, and proximity to public transit and downtown amenities. San Francisco is no exception to this trend. The difference is the growth in high-density San Francisco rental properties which can only be found in co-living spaces. These can be considered high-end dorms.
People may rent a bunk bed and storage space for their possessions, gaining access to laundry, kitchens, and workout facilities. Several people may share a bedroom that rivals a cramped college dorm room. These facilities are booming because they cater to the new college graduates already used to living this way and willing to continue to do so to work for Big Tech firms in San Francisco.
San Francisco's Luxury Real Estate Market is Booming Despite Pandemic
Dealing in the luxury real estate market has its benefits. More affluent buyers are the demographic least affected by any economic crisis such as brought up by the Covid-19 pandemic as they have the greatest financial resources. Although home prices soaring there is an influx of wealthy buyers. A relatively high percentage of the buyers in the city are all cash (Around 40 to 60 percent of them). Those that aren’t paying all cash are putting at least 20 percent down with the ability to close fast, even with a loan.
In June, house values in California city reached a record monthly high of $1.8 million. Deep-pocketed home buyers across San Francisco bolstered the market’s rebound and pushed up transactions and house prices, according to a report Monday from Compass. The number of luxury single-family homes—defined by the report as those priced at $3 million and above—that accepted an offer in June surpassed 30, the highest level the metric has reached in two years, data from the brokerage showed.
The increase helped push San Francisco house values to a record monthly high of $1.8 million in June, 3% higher than the previous peak of $1.75 million in June 2019. You will find first-time homebuyers who are buying over $2.5 million or baby boomers looking for second homes in the $2 million range. New units are being built in the San Francisco housing market. However, the reality is that the pool of people who can afford to buy is smaller and smaller and the supply of housing is not growing with demand. They mostly consist of luxury condos and mega-mansions built for the elite of the Big Tech workforce.
Another unintended side effect of regulations on San Francisco rental properties is that it incentivizes the construction of high-end units. Investors could invest in these projects or buy properties in the hopes that they are torn down and redeveloped. This is why burned-out husks can sell for hundreds of thousands of dollars and ones with demolition permits can sell for a million or more.
San Francisco's Real Estate Appreciation Rate is High
Thanks to all the factors discussed above, the entire bay area has one of the highest appreciation rates. A major reason San Francisco’s housing prices have climbed so high over the past decade is the city’s vibrant tech industry, which started booming in 2012 (thanks, in part, to a tax incentive aimed at attracting tech companies to the city over Silicon Valley). It now attracts a skilled workforce to the city while also driving up the demand for housing and the cost of living.
The data from NeighborhoodScout reveals that San Francisco real estate appreciated 111.65% over the last ten years, which is an average annual home appreciation rate of 7.79%. This figure puts San Francisco in the top 20% nationally for real estate appreciation. And within San Francisco, some individual neighborhoods’ home values have jumped by more than 100%. Here are the five San Francisco neighborhoods that have had the biggest jump.
- Bayview: Bayview had a $424,900 median home value in April 2009, which went to $1.07 million in Jan 2020. The current value is $1,030,643 (Zillow Home Value Index as of October 2022).
- The Forest Knolls: In April 2009, this neighborhood’s median home value was $811,800, and it topped $1.8 million in Aug 2018. The current value is $1,874,448, up 0.3% YTY.
- Bernal Heights: This neighborhood went from a median home value of $715,000 in April 2009 to $1.66 million in Aug 2018. The current value is $1,565,485, a drop of 6.4% YTY.
- Mission: This East of The Castro neighborhood is in central San Francisco. The median home value was $699,900 in April 2009 and $1.53 million in Dec 2019. The current value is $1,332,707, down 5.3% YTY.
- Potrero Hill: This neighborhood lies in the East of the Mission District. It has a median home value of $734,200 in April 2009 and it topped $1.59 million in Sep 2020. The current value is $1,376,919, down 8.2% YTY.
The good news is that if you are a home buyer or real estate investor, San Francisco has a track record of being one of the best long-term real estate investments in the nation over the last ten years. So if you bought a home in San Francisco 10 years ago, it’s very likely you’d have profited on the deal by now — in fact, in several neighborhoods, you would have a good chance at doubling your money. All the variables that contribute to real estate appreciation continue to trend upward which makes investing in SF real estate a sound decision.
NORADA REAL ESTATE INVESTMENTS has extensive experience investing in turnkey real estate and cash-flow properties. We strive to set the standard for our industry and inspire others by raising the bar on providing exceptional real estate investment opportunities in many other growth markets in the United States. We can help you succeed by minimizing risk and maximizing the profitability of your investment property in San Francisco.
Consult with one of the investment counselors who can help build you a custom portfolio of San Francisco turnkey investment properties in some of the best neighborhoods. All you have to do is fill up this form and schedule a consultation at your convenience. We’re standing by to help you take the guesswork out of real estate investing. By researching and structuring complete San Francisco turnkey real estate investments, we help you succeed by minimizing risk and maximizing profitability.
Please do not make any real estate or financial decisions based solely on the information found within this article. This page includes third-party content from references. Norada Real Estate Investments does not represent, warrant, or guarantee that the information such as market data and forecast is accurate, reliable, or current, even though it is thought to be reliable. All information presented should be independently verified through the references given below. As a general policy, Norada Real Estate Investments makes no claims or assertions about the future housing market conditions across the US.
Market Data, Reports & Forecasts
San Franciso (City) Cooling-off
Rental Market Statistics
Should You Invest in SF