FICO Scores are calculated from a lot of different credit data in your credit report. This data can be grouped into five categories as outlined in the chart. The percentages in the chart reflect how important each of the categories are in determining your FICO score.
These percentages are based on the importance of the five categories for the general population. The importance of these categories may be somewhat different for particular groups. For example, people with new credit or those who have not been using credit for very long.
- Account payment information on specific types of accounts (credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, finance company accounts, mortgage, etc.).
- Presence of adverse public records (bankruptcy, judgments, suits, liens, wage attachments, etc.), collection items, and/or delinquency (past due items).
- Severity of delinquency (how long past due).
- Amount past due on delinquent accounts or collection items.
- Time since (recency of) past due items (delinquency), adverse public records (if any), or collection items (if any).
- Number of accounts paid as agreed.
- Number of past due items on file.
- Amount owing on accounts.
- Amount owing on specific types of accounts.
- Lack of a specific type of balance, in some cases.
- Number of accounts with balances.
- Proportion of credit lines used (proportion of balances to total credit limits on certain types of revolving accounts).
- Proportion of installment loan amounts still owing (proportion of balance to original loan amount on certain types of installment loans).
Length of Credit History
- Time since accounts opened.
- Time since accounts opened, by specific type of account.
- Time since account activity.
- Number of recently opened accounts, and proportion of accounts that are recently opened, by type of account.
- Number of recent credit inquiries.
- Time since credit inquiry(s).
- Time since recent account opening(s), by type of account.
- Re-establishment of positive credit history following past payment problems.
Types of Credit Used
- Number of (presence, prevalence, and recent information on) various types of accounts (credit cards, retail accounts, installment loans, mortgage, consumer finance accounts, etc.).
A FICO score takes into consideration all these categories of information, not just one or two. No one piece of information or factor alone will determine your score.
The importance of any factor depends on the overall information in your credit report. For some people, a given factor may be more important than for someone else with a different credit history. In addition, as the information in your credit report changes, so does the importance of any factor in determining your FICO score. Thus, it's impossible to say exactly how important any single factor is in determining your score – even the levels of importance shown here are for the general population, and will be different for different credit profiles. What's important is the mix of information, which varies from person to person, and for any one person over time.
Your FICO score only looks at information in your credit report. However, lenders look at many things when making a credit decision including your income, how long you have worked at your present job and the kind of credit you are requesting.
Your score considers both positive and negative information in your credit report. Late payments will lower your score, but establishing or re-establishing a good track record of making payments on time will raise your FICO credit score.
Having good credit is important if you plan to finance your purchase of investment property. Click here to learn tips on How To Improve Your FICO Credit Score.